A gerund is not a verb. It is a verb form, and it has an -ing ending (also known as a present participle). Most any action verb can be used as a gerund. An infinitive is the most basic form a verb. It is "to + verb." The infinitive does not act like a verb. Instead it acts like a noun, adjective, or adverb might in a sentence. Both gerunds and infinitives are considered verbals.
Sometimes referred to as "verb complements," gerunds and infinitives often follow verbs. When this happens, they are functioning as subjects or objects.
To learn more about gerunds and infinitives and to practice using them correctly, click on this link: Englishpage.com.
Other helpful resources on this topic:
Click on the link below to review and practice the -ed endings. Included are explanations and examples of the three possible "ed" ending pronunciations (t, d, id).
Free online pronouncing "ed" endings lessons and exercises.
Also, be sure to check out the video below which will help you review the three endings.
"The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present continuous exercises."
To continue reading about the Present Continuous tense and to practice using this tense, click HERE
To read about how and when to use Simple Present vs. Present Continuous, click HERE
"ELSA, English Language Speech Assistant, is a fun and engaging app specially designed to help you improve your English pronunciation." [from elsaspeak.com]
ELSA Speak is an app for your phone. It uses artificial intelligence technology to recognize speech patterns and help English language learners develop their speaking and pronunciation skills. According to the website, "27 hours of studying with ELSA is equivalent to an ESL speaking course at an American University."
Here's what one reviewer says:
"I never thought I would be able to get rid of my strong Chinese accent. Then I discovered this app. It helped me identify issues with my pronunciation that I was not aware of."
Others say there is room for improvement. "I like the app overall, but there are some improvements that can be made, and bugs that can be fixed," says one user.
"There is still quite a lot that could be done to this app," writes a reviewer of the product.
Some of my students have used it for some time and really like it. To read more about ELSA Speak, you can go to their website: elsaspeak.com. Also, if you want to read some third-party reviews of the speaking practice app, go to any of the following:
Below is a lengthy video review of ELSA Speak.
I hope you find this post helpful. Please let me know in the comments below.
I know that your mind is most likely on other things right now, things like viruses, your job, your family, etc. However, from time to time you might want to take a break from all the worry and anxiety of the moment. If you find yourself feeling that way, then perhaps you might want to take a few minutes and practice your listening skills. One of the better websites to use for this is Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab. On this site, there are many listening activities to explore, and you can practice according to your level: beginning, intermediate, and advanced.
To explore this website, click on the image below.
Learning English takes time and patience. You have to become familiar with many new words and new ideas. One of the greatest ways to increase your English vocabulary is by reading. Many students are unsure of just what they should be reading. There are many things one can read, including books, newspapers, magazines, online news sites, etc. However, one of the simplest ways to practice your reading skills is to read short stories.
I have found that one of the best sites on the internet for an English student to practice his reading is rong-chang.com. There are many stories located on this website.
For the Intermediate Level reader, I would recommend beginning right here. On this page, you will find nearly 300 short stories. Each story provides opportunities to practice vocabulary, answer yes/no questions, complete a "Cloze" activity related to the story, or complete a Crossword puzzle about the story.
So, take time to read. You may just learn a new word or two.
Did you know that there are 12 different verb tenses in the English Language? It's easiest to think of them in four groups: simple, continuous, perfect, and perfect continuous. Remember, some textbooks refer to the continuous as "progressive."
To form these tenses, one must use one or more of the 4 Principal Parts of a Verb. These include 1) the base/present form, 2) the past form, 3) the past participle form, and 4) the present participle form.
From these, you can also create the 3 Verbals found in the English language (more on those another time).
If you would like to print out a chart of 12 verb tenses, click here.
If you wish to review the 4 Principal Parts, click here.
[The excerpt below is taken from towson.edu. It was written by Margaret L. Benner. To read more about the topic, click the link at the bottom.]
Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this chapter begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules.
Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural.
In the present tense, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways: nouns ADD an s to the singular form; verbs REMOVE the s from the singular form.
To read more and to practice, click on the link below:
SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT
Indefinite pronouns can be a little challenging to understand and to use correctly. I find that by breaking them down into groups according to usage they are easier to learn and remember. The three groups are singular, plural, and those that can be either singular or plural. I have included several links that will help you understand these pronouns a little better.
Indefinite Pronoun Review 1
Indefinite Pronoun Review 2
Indefinite Pronoun Practice 1 (The quiz/practice is found at the bottom of the page.)
Indefinite Pronoun Practice 2
Indefinite Pronoun Practice 3
[Excerpt below taken from https://www.clarkandmiller.com/numbers-in-english-the-ultimate-guide/]
"Saying numbers in English can be tricky. In fact, some of the most advanced learners make mistakes saying numbers in English. A lot. But it’s important to get them right, right? We need numbers all the time.
We need numbers when we talk about money or how long that really boring film was or what the temperature is or the size of your new elephant factory. Numbers are everywhere! So let’s make you an expert in saying numbers in English!"
To continue reading about how to saying and read large numbers in English, please click on the following link: NUMBERS IN ENGLISH.
Here are some other links that you might find useful on this topic:
"How to Say Big Numbers"
"Saying Large Numbers in English"
"Writing and Saying Large Numbers"
My name is Craig, and I've been teaching English for many years. I initially created this site for my students, but all English learners are welcome. I hope you find something helpful to you. Feel free to leave suggestions or ideas in the Comments section under any entry.