A gerund is not a verb. It is a verb form, and it has an -ing ending (also known as a present participle). Most any action verb can be used as a gerund. An infinitive is the most basic form a verb. It is "to + verb." The infinitive does not act like a verb. Instead it acts like a noun, adjective, or adverb might in a sentence. Both gerunds and infinitives are considered verbals.
Sometimes referred to as "verb complements," gerunds and infinitives often follow verbs. When this happens, they are functioning as subjects or objects.
To learn more about gerunds and infinitives and to practice using them correctly, click on this link: Englishpage.com.
Other helpful resources on this topic:
As an English language learner, you have many goals. Some of those goals might involve education beyond high school or GED. In other words, you may desire to someday enroll in a college or university in order to receive some specific career training. There are many different types of institutions for higher learning, including public universities, private colleges, community colleges, and trade or technical schools.
Or, maybe you have no interest in attending college in the future, but you have children, teenagers perhaps, who are beginning to explore the idea of attending university or college after high school.
There are many choices that a student must face when considering higher education. One write puts it this way and then offers some ideas on what to think about. "While choosing a college can seem like a daunting task, there are ways to narrow the choices and make the decision-making process a little easier. Check out these 10 tips for choosing the best college for you."
To read over these tips, click on the this article: "10 Tips For Choosing a College."
[The excerpt below is from Grammarly.com.]
"A subordinating conjunction is a word or phrase that links a dependent clause to an independent clause. This word or phrase indicates that a clause has informative value to add to the sentence’s main idea, signaling a cause-and-effect relationship or a shift in time and place between the two clauses."
To read more about subordinating conjunctions and to see a list of them, click on the image below:
[This excerpt is taken from EnglishClub.com.]
"Grammar is the way we arrange words to make proper sentences. Word level grammar covers verbs and tenses, nouns, adverbs etc. Sentence level grammar covers phrases, clauses, reported speech etc."
To review the parts of speech click on this page: The English Club or click on the image below.
[The excerpt below is from Grammarly.com. Click on the link at the end to read more on this topic.]
"What is a run-on sentence? Run-on sentences, also known as fused sentences, occur when two complete sentences are squashed together without using a coordinating conjunction or proper punctuation, such as a period or a semicolon. Run-on sentences can be short or long. A long sentence isn’t necessarily a run-on sentence. "
To continue learning more about this topic and how to make corrections, click on the following link: RUN-ON SENTENCES
To practice finding and identifying run-on sentences in your writing, click on these links:
[The following excerpt comes from Grammarly.com. Link to the article appears below.]
"If you’re learning English, phrasal verbs may seem intimidating at first—but they become quite simple and useful when you learn to use them appropriately. A phrasal verb is just what it seems: a phrase consisting of a verb and one or more other sentence components, such as a preposition or an adverb.
What makes phrasal verbs tricky is that they are inherently idiomatic and cannot be easily understood by the individual words that make up the phrase. When you encounter phrasal verbs at work or out in the world, they can be difficult to contextualize. The best way to get comfortable with the many different phrasal verbs used in American English is to simply dive into—investigate—some of the most common ones."
To continue reading and to review some of the more common phrasal verbs used in English, click on the link below:
30 Common Phrasal Verbs
"Most ESL students learning to write an English passage have a hard time understanding the purpose of a thesis statement.
Here’s a simple approach: one thesis sentence pattern suitable for intermediate+ level students.
Part 1. What’s a Thesis?
A thesis has a few important features:
To continue reading about Thesis Statements on eslwriting.org, click HERE.
Here are some other sites that have some very helpful information on writing thesis statements:
And, to practice identifying good thesis statements, click here.
Finally, click on the video below to review your understanding of writing a good thesis statement.
What is a fragment and why do I need to fix them?
A fragment is like a train without an engine. It may look kind of pretty just sitting there, but it doesn't work, and it won't take your reader anywhere. It will only frustrate him.
For example, if I walked into the room and said to you, "When I woke up this morning..."
You'd say, "So, what happened?" And if I didn't tell you more, you'd be probably be somewhat frustrated with me.
Fragments are incomplete thoughts. To read more about Fragments and how to fix them, click the following links:
[The excerpt below comes from Medium.com. The link to the rest of the article can be found at the bottom of this post.]
"Grammar is like a game. Some who are well-versed with the language learn grammar intuitively; some struggle with tenses, clauses, sentences, and so on. Below we put forward some effective ways to learn & improve English grammar.
1. Make a commitment
Learning English grammar needs a lot of motivation. Once you are ready to begin studying, stick by it until the end.
2. Keep a grammar book at your disposal
Keeping an English grammar book will allow you to revise what you have learnt in class, as well as force you to learn grammar as often as you can.
3. Utilize a grammar app
Nowadays, everyone has a smartphone. Make use of it. Download a dictionary app and a grammar app. You can use it while commuting or in your free time."
To read the rest of these tips, click on the following link:
12 Practical Tips for Learning and Improving English Grammar.
The following excerpt is from ELC Study Zone:
These three verbs are modal verbs.
Amanda should go to the doctor.
This shows that we think it is a good idea for Amanda to visit the doctor.
To learn about Modals for Advice and to practice using them correctly, click on the following links:
Modals for Advice Practice Exercises 1
Modals for Advice Practice Exercises 2
My name is Craig, and I've been teaching English for many years. I initially created this site for my students, but all English learners are welcome. I hope you find something helpful to you. Feel free to leave suggestions or ideas in the Comments section under any entry.