Subject Verb Agreement
[The excerpt below is taken from towson.edu. It was written by Margaret L. Benner. To read more about the topic, click the link at the bottom.]
Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this chapter begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules.
Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). Thus, if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural.
In the present tense, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways: nouns ADD an s to the singular form; verbs REMOVE the s from the singular form.
To read more and to practice, click on the link below:
SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT
The Future Tense
"Many languages have one form to speak about the future, but there are four ways of using the future tense in English! These can often cause some confusion, so here are brief and basic explanations of the most common uses for each one.
Which form of the future tense should you use?"To keep reading this article about the Future Tense, click HERE
Here are some more thoughts on the Future Tense (from FluentU):
"Consider this: right now, we’re in the present. In a minute, we will be in the future. You read those sentences, and now that is all in the past.
Crazy, right? Everything that has not happened yet is part of the future.
It might happen after a few seconds, a few years or even after hundreds and thousands of years. It is hard to think about things that will happen that far ahead…but it is very easy to talk about them.
Talking about the future makes it possible to make plans and predictions, create schedules and wonder what the weather will be like this weekend.
To speak about the future in English, you need to learn some important facts about the English future tense.
To read about 6 Surprising Facts About the English Future Tense, click HERE!
To practice using the Future Tense, click on the links below:
Future Tense Practice 1
Future Tense Practice 2
Future Tense Practice 3
Common Phrasal Verbs
[The following excerpt comes from Grammarly.com. Link to the article appears below.]
"If you’re learning English, phrasal verbs may seem intimidating at first—but they become quite simple and useful when you learn to use them appropriately. A phrasal verb is just what it seems: a phrase consisting of a verb and one or more other sentence components, such as a preposition or an adverb.
What makes phrasal verbs tricky is that they are inherently idiomatic and cannot be easily understood by the individual words that make up the phrase. When you encounter phrasal verbs at work or out in the world, they can be difficult to contextualize. The best way to get comfortable with the many different phrasal verbs used in American English is to simply dive into—investigate—some of the most common ones."
To continue reading and to review some of the more common phrasal verbs used in English, click on the link below:
30 Common Phrasal Verbs
Modals for Advice
The following excerpt is from ELC Study Zone:
These three verbs are modal verbs.
Amanda should go to the doctor.
This shows that we think it is a good idea for Amanda to visit the doctor.
To learn about Modals for Advice and to practice using them correctly, click on the following links:
Modals for Advice Practice Exercises 1
Modals for Advice Practice Exercises 2
The Past Perfect
"The past perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action took place once or many times before another point in the past.
The past perfect is formed using had + past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and had. Negatives are made with not.
To learn more about the Past Perfect tense and to practice using this tense, click HERE.
Grammar Tip: Lie vs. Lay
"All languages have their confusing words…words that sound the same, look the same, or have the same meaning. Especially confusing are words that have similar forms (for example, in different verb tenses) but are not used in exactly the same way (the present and past tense of “read,” with two different pronunciations, comes to mind). In my opinion, the irregular verbs “lay” and “lie” rank at the top of the list in terms of confusing forms and usage."
To continue reading this article from esllibrary.com click here.
Past Continuous (Progressive)
[Excerpt below taken from Englishpage.com]
"The past continuous (also called past progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing past action was happening at a specific moment of interruption, or that two ongoing actions were happening at the same time. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and past continuous exercises."
To read more about the Past Continuous Tense and to practice using this tense, click on the picture below.
"Be" Verb: Present Tense
[Excerpt below taken from talkenglish.com]
The verb "to be" is different from other verbs in English. "Be verbs" do not show an action. "Be verbs" show a state of being. They act like an equals sign (=) in math.
"Be verbs" are usually followed by a noun or an adjective. A noun is a person, place, thing, or thing. An adjective is a word that describes a noun like big, small, happy, fast, interesting, and annoying.
Simple present tense "be verbs" are - am, is, are. "Be verbs" go after the subject. Use this pattern with "be verbs":
Subject + be verb + noun/adjective
To read more about the "be" verb, click here.
To practice using the "be" verb, click on the exercises below:
To practice more, you can find other exercises at this link: https://agendaweb.org/verbs/to-be-exercises.html
Grammar Tip: Matching Subjects and Verbs
"Matching up singular or plural subjects with singular or plural forms of a verb is part of the process called agreement. This is easy in simple sentences:
He admits that he is worried. [singular subject and verb]
They admit that they are worried. [plural subject and verb]
But there are some cases where the grammar is not so straightforward."
To read more about subject verb agreement from Oxford Dictionaries.com click here.
Present vs. Present Progressive
Do you know when you should the present tense in your writing? Do you when to use present progressive?
Below are some sites that will give you an opportunity to review the two tenses and then practice identifying when to use them. I would encourage you to read through the information found on the first link. Then, work through the exercises at the bottom of that same link/page.
There are additional exercises at the bottom of this post if you want more practice.
Simple Present vs. Present Progressive
Present vs. Present Progressive/Continuous Practice #2
Present vs. Present Progressive/Continuous Practice #3
Present vs. Present Progressive/Continuous Practice #4
My name is Craig, and I've been teaching English for many years. I initially created this site for my students, but all English learners are welcome. I hope you find something helpful to you. Feel free to leave suggestions or ideas in the Comments section under any entry.